Sir John Knox Laughton

Date 1830 - 1915
Biographical NotesNaval Educator and Historian. Educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He entered the Royal Navy as an instructor and served in both the Crimean and Opium Wars. He came ashore in 1866, to the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth, where he published the books 'Physical Geography in its Relation to the Prevailing Winds and Currents' (1870), and 'Treatise on Nautical Surveying' (1872). In 1873 he moved to the new Royal Naval College and took charge of the department of meteorology and marine surveying. In 1876 he began to lecture on naval history.

In 1885 he retired, though he continued to lecture on naval history at Greenwich, and publish. He contributed more than 900 lives to the Dictionary of National Biography, the third most prolific contributor in its history. He also published 'Memoirs Relating to Lord Torrington' (1889); 'Papers Relating to the Defeat of the Spanish Armada' (1894); a life of Nelson (1895); 'Nelson and his Companions in Arms' (1896); he also edited the papers of Lord Barham (1907–11); published a selection of Nelson's letters (1886); and collected his studies on tactics and strategy as 'Studies in Naval History' (1887). See ODNB.
Work(s)Author of Hints to Travellers Scientific and General (1883)