|Alternative Name(s)||John Richard Jackson|
|Date||1790 - 1853|
|Biographical Notes||Army officer in Russian service and geographer. Educated at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich. Nominated to a Bengal cadetship and appointed second lieutenant in the Bengal artillery in 1808, rising to first lieutenant the following year. Jackson resigned his Indian post in 1813. In 1815 he was appointed by Alexander of Russia to the quartermaster's staff of the imperial suite, with the rank of lieutenant. He served with the 12th Russian infantry division in the occupation of France until 1818. Jackson was then sent to Russia and appointed to the quartermaster-general's staff, and subsequently he was attached to the grenadier brigade of the Lithuanian army corps. He rose through the officer ranks becoming captain in 1821, and lieutenant-colonel in 1825. He was promoted colonel on the general staff of the army in 1829, and upon retiring in 1830, appointed commissioner and correspondent in London for the Russian department of manufactures attached to the Russian embassy.|
While in Russia Jackson sustained an interest in geography and published on the River Neva. He was a supporter of the Royal Geographical Society, and proponent of systematic and scientific geography (as opposed to the adventurous travels of amateurs). His 'Guide du voyageur', was published in French in 1822, and in English in 1841 under the title 'What to Observe, or, The Traveller's Remembrancer', and it influenced the societies later 'Hints to Travellers' (all three are described in this database).
Jackson was a member of the Societies council from 1838, and its Secretary from 1841. He also edited the 'Journal of the Royal Geographical Society' and became the societies Librarian. He was made a fellow of the Society in 1845, and was a member of several other learned societies. He also published works including 'Minerals and their Uses' (1849), and 'On Military Geography' (1850). See ODNB.
|Work(s)||Author of What to Observe; or the Traveller's Remembrancer (1841)|
Author of Aide-Memoire du voyageur, ou Questions relatives a la geographie physique et politique, a l'industrie et aux Beaux Arts … a l'usage des personnes qui veulent utiliser leurs voyages (1834)