Justus Lipsius

Date 1547 - 1606
Biographical NotesHumanist and classical scholar. Lipsius is credited as the founding father of Neostoicism, a philosophical movement which sought to revive classical Stoicism in a form compatible with Christianity, and which became a key intellectual trend in sixteenth and seventeenth-century Europe. Lipsius is also a key figure in the European apodemic tradition and his 'De ratione cumfructu peregrinandi' (Letter to Philippe Lanoye, 3 April 1578) was an influential text in this context.

Lipsius was born in Overijse, Brabant (in modern Belgium) and educated at the Jesuit college in Cologne and the University of Louvain. His first publications earned him an appointment as a Latin secretary, and a visit to Rome, in the retinue of Cardinal Granvelle. After 2 years in Rome he travelled through Burgundy, Germany, Austria, and Bohemia, where the University of Jena engaged him as a teacher. He returned to Leuven but later fled the 80 years war to Antwerp and the Northern Netherlands. In 1579 he was appointed professor of History at the newly founded University of Leiden. Lipsius spent 11 years in Leiden and these were his most productive years. He later reconciled with the Catholic Church and took a professorship of Latin in the Collegium Buslidianum in Leuven.

See Papy, Jan, "Justus Lipsius", 'The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy' (Fall 2011 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).
Work(s)Author of A Direction for Travailers: Taken out of Justus Lipsius (1592)
Author of [Epist. XXII Philippo Lanoyo in Lipsius's Epistolarum selectarum] (1578) in Epistolarum selectarum centuria prima