John Toland

Date 1670 - 1722
Biographical NotesFreethinker and Philosopher. Born on the peninsula of Inishowen, Co. Donegal, Ireland. In his teens Toland rejected Catholicism. He took an MA from Edinburgh University in 1690. His most famous work, the anonymous 'Christianity not Mysterious' (1695), provoked great controversy. He was a close associate of Viscount Molesworth, the third Earl of Shaftesbury, and knew John Locke, Leibniz, and Queen Sophia Charlotte of Prussia. As a defender of the protestant succession he travelled to Hanover in 1701 in the role of secretary to Lord Macclesfield to prepare the act of settlement. In 1702 he travelled again to Hanover and Berlin, where he met Sophia Charlotte. See ODNB and Dictionary of Irish Biography.
Work(s)Author of Reflexions on Travel (1705) in The Agreement of the Customs of the East-Indians, with Those of the Jews, and Other Ancinet People