Edward Hyde, first earl of Clarendon

Date 1609 - 1674
Biographical NotesPolitician and historian. In 1640 he was elected MP in the Short Parliament. During the Civil War he served as Chancellor of the Exchequor. Fled to Jersey in 1646 with the Prince of Wales. Returned to England in 1660. In 1661 he was created viscount Cornbury and earl of Clarendon. He was exiled to France in 1667.

Aside from his very prominent role in mid to late seventeenth-century affairs he also left behind a notable literary legacy. He wrote his most famous work, the 'History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England', in two periods. The first was in Jersey in the 1640s, where Charles I's council had fled as the Royalist cause collapsed; the second in the 1670s while he was exiled in France. However, the work was not published until 1702, with the second and third volumes appearing in 1704. Hyde was also grandfather of Mary II and Queen Anne.
Work(s)Author of A Dialogue between A. an Old Courtier, B. an Old Lawyer, C. an Old Soldier, D. an Old Country Gengleman, E. an Old Alderman and a Bishop Concerning Education (1727) in A Collection of Several Tracts of the Right Honourable Edward, Earl of Clarendon, Author of The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England. Published from His Lordship's Original Manuscripts