Fynes Moryson

Date 1556/6-1630
Biographical NotesTraveller and writer. In 1591 he began a four-year journey through Europe travelling through Germany, Prague, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Moravia, Austria, and Italy. Along the way he studied at the Universities of Basel, Padua, and Leiden. He returned to England via Geneva and France.

In 1595 he and his brother Henry set out for Jerusalem and Constantinople. After visiting Jerusalem his brother died but Moryson continued to Cyprus and Constantinople, returning to England in 1597.

In 1598 he went to Scotland and then to Ireland where he was made secretary to Lord Mountjoy. He returned to England in 1602 where he commenced compiling a history of the countries he had visited but finding this impractical he settled for a shorter account of his travels. By 1617 this was published as 'An itinerary … containing his ten yeeres travell through the twelve dominions of Germany, Bohmerland, Sweitzerland, Netherland, Denmarke, Poland, Italy, Turky, France, England, Scotland, and Ireland. Divided into three parts' (1617). The ODNB gives an extended summary of the various extant print and manuscript versions of the 'Itinerary'.
Work(s)Author of [Of Travelling in General; Of Precepts for Travellers in Morysons's Itinerary] (1617) in An itinerary written by Fynes Moryson Gent. First in the Latine tongue, and then translated by him into English: containing his ten yeeres trauell through the twelue dominions of Germany, Bohmerland, Sweitzerland, Netherland, Denmarke, Poland, Jtaly, Turky, France, England, Scotland, and Ireland. Diuided into III parts. The I. part. Containeth a iournall through all the said twelue dominions: shewing particularly the number of miles, the soyle of the country, the situation of cities, the descriptions of them, with all monuments in each place worth the seeing, as also the rates of hiring coaches or horses from place to place, with each daies expences for diet, horse-meate, and the like. The II. part. Containeth the rebellion of Hugh, Earle of Tyrone, and the appeasing thereof: written also in forme of a iournall. The III. part. Containeth a discourse vpon seuerall heads, through all the said seuerall dominions.