Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle

Alternative Name(s)
  • Marchioness of Newcastle
  • Margaret Lucas
Date 1623?-1673
Biographical NotesEnglish aristocrat, and prolific writer of plays, poems, memoirs, letters, orations, natural philosophy, and prose. She was unusual among women writers of her time as she published under her own name rather than anonymously, for which she was considered eccentric by many contemporaries. Several of her works reflect on gender and the place of women within society. Beyond her importance for historians of gender and women's writing she is best known for her 'Observations upon Experimental Philosophy' (1666), a critique of Robert Hooke's 'Micrographia' which also contains the proto-science fiction piece 'The Blazing World'. See ODNB.
Work(s)Author of An Oration concerning the Forein Travels of Young Gentlemen (1662) in Orations of divers sorts accommodated to divers places written by the Lady Marchioness of Newcastle